Hospital and Outpatient Quality Metrics: An Annotated Bibliography

Hospital and Outpatient Quality Metrics

Hospital Outpatient Quality Reporting Specifications Manual

Description: The Hospitals Outpatient Quality Reporting Specifications Manual was developed by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to provide a uniform set of quality measures to be implemented in hospital outpatient settings.  The primary purpose of these measures is to promote high quality care for patients receiving services in hospital outpatient settings.

Keywords:  hospital quality metrics, outpatient-reporting manual, CMS

Audience:  hospitals, physicians, administration

National Quality Forum

Description: The National Quality Forum (NQF) has provided a wide variety of ambulatory care measures for assessment of the quality of care in outpatient facilities, including hospital outpatient departments, emergency department, urgent care facilities, surgery centers, and clinician offices.  NQF’s measures are intended to encourage hospitals and clinicians to improve their quality of care and to empower consumers with quality information to make informed decisions about their healthcare.

Keywords:  NQF, ambulatory care measures, hospitals quality of care

Audience:  hospital outpatient departments, surgery centers, clinicians

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Healthcare Quality Metrics: An Annotated Bibliography

Healthcare Quality Metrics

1.     Health Resource and Service Administration

Description: A quality metric allows a user to quantify the quality of a selected aspect of care.  The Health Resource and Service Administration website explains the different types of quality metrics a professional would use to measure healthcare access, outcome, patient experience, process, and structure.  The Health Resource and Service Administration website also provides additional resources for healthcare quality metrics.

Keywords:  access measure, outcome measure, patient experience measure

Audience:  health centers, ambulatory care providers, administration

2.     Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

Description: The CMS Measure Inventory is a resource of measures that are used by the CMS in various quality, reporting and payment programs.  The measures within the inventory tool are categorized by CMS program condition/topic, measure type, endorsement status, measure steward, and measure contractor.  Measures that are in use by CMS programs include the following measure information: measure description, numerator, denominator and exclusion statement, and National Quality Forum endorsement information.  The CMS Measures Inventory is updated quarterly.

Keywords:  CMS Measures Inventory, NQF endorsement information, CMS quality reporting

Audience:  health centers, hospitals, physicians

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ICD-9 Conversion to ICD-10 Resources: An Annotated Bibliography

ICD-9 Conversion to ICD-10 Resources

1.     Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

Description: ICD-9 code sets used in reporting medical diagnoses and impatient procedures are being replaced by ICD-10 code sets on October 1, 2014.  This transition is required for everyone covered by the Health Insurance Portability Accountability Act (HIPAA).  The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) offers several resources to help with this transition.  CMS has CMS ICD-10 Industry Email Updates to allow an individual to stay up to date with ICD-10.  CMS also has several resources, such as ICD-10 Introduction fact sheets and general ICD-10 transition basics.  The CMS also offers two free Medscape Education modules that will provide guidance to small practices making the transition to ICD-10.

Keywords: ICD-10 email updates, ICD-10 fact sheets, ICD-10 transition basics

Audience:  providers, payers, vendors, non-covered entities

2.     ICD-10 Code Search

Description: It is important for health care organizations to train and prepare for the transition from ICD-9 to ICD-10 before the 2014 deadline.  This will help avoid costly delays and penalties.  ICD-10 has multiple new codes to learn and implement.  ICD-10 Code Search has created an ICD-10 mapping tool which allows ICD-9 codes to be translated into ICD-10 codes.  ICD-10 Code Search’s crosswalk is a useful tool to help healthcare organizations during the transition, and allow practitioners the ability to train and learn the new coding system before the implementation date.

Keywords:  ICD-10 mapping tool, ICD-10 crosswalk

Audience:  healthcare organizations, physicians

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Big Data Analysis Tools/Resources: An Annotated Bibliography

Big Data Analysis Tools/Resources

1.     Chris Stucchio’s blog

This blog makes this list primarily for one article: “Don’t use Hadoop – your data isn’t that big”, which provides a guide for deciding whether your data really qualifies as big data, based on its size, purpose, and expected future growth. And, given this decision, which suite of tools is best suited to your needs. The remainder of the blog posts deal with developer level problems in big data, as well as an assortment of economics-, and other news-related items.

Keywords: big data, medium data, kind of large data

Audience: dataset owners considering big data tools, big data beginners

2.     Infochimps

Infochimps provides extensive resources for those interested in big data analysis. These include, whitepapers: detailed overviews of topics in big data analysis; case studies: other companies’ successful use of (Infochimps’) big data products; as well as video webinars about topics in big data.  Some of these represent not-even-thinly veiled promotional pitches for Infochimps’ products and services; however, others will provide useful information for advanced big-data users.

Keywords: big data

Audience: intermediate- advanced

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SQL Programming Resources: An Annotated Bibliography

SQL Programming Resources

1.     Coursera/Stanford “Introduction to Databases”

One of the biggest names in Massive Open Online Courseware (MOOC), Coursera has a huge database of university level courses. This offering from Stanford University has 9 units devoted to SQL programming, in addition to providing a comprehensive introduction to databases. It was one of the first courses offered by Coursera and remains one its most popular. The SQL units are introductory, making this an excellent place to begin.

The course includes all of the best features of a Coursera MOOC: helpful readings, a community of learners, ongoing assessment and the option to receive a certification upon successful completion of the course.

Keywords: MOOC, Stanford, Coursera, video lecture, exam, assessment

Audience: beginner SQL users

2.     The SchemaVerse

SchemaVerse offers a gamified SQL learning experience. The experience is built around an online galactic conquest game implemented within a PostgreSQL database, in which the player controls his army of spaceships through SQL commands. The game consists in sending ships to conquer new planets, mine resources, and defend conquered planets against other players.

The game/tutorial provides a good introduction to the basics of SQL, supported by an excellent tutorial page, for those who find entirely self-directed learning a challenge. It would be difficult to extend much beyond an intermediate level with SchemaVerse, as the available commands are limited and somewhat repetitive.

Keywords: gamification, SQL, tutorial, basic, intermediate

Audience: beginner SQL users, non-autodidacts

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‘Big Data’ Public Databases: An Annotated Bibliography

Big Public Databases

1.     Kin Lane’s Federal Dataset Tool

Many of the following listings refer to US Federal Government datasets. These are some of the biggest public datasets available. Unfortunately, much of this data is messy, published without much regard to its consumption and use.

This project, from Kin Lane, is both an index of a huge number of Federal Government datasets, and a way to access versions of these datasets on GitHub as these are cleaned and repurposed by other users – including descriptions of the alterations made. This tool requires a GitHub account.

Keywords: big data, public data, Open Data Policy-Managing Information, GitHub

Audience: social scientists, economists, advocacy groups

2.     IPUMS project (Minnesota Population Centre)

The Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) is an enormous database of individual level microdata. The data in IPUMS USA is drawn from the United States census, the American Community Survey and the Current Population Survey. IPUMS International includes census data from 73 countries, harmonized to allow comparisons across different times and places.

Combined, these datasets comprise a truly massive resource of census-type information, carefully prepared for ready comparison and interrogation. The website has a built-in SQL selector, a useful FAQ covering the basic questions about the data and its use, and a forum covering more technical questions.

Keywords: IPUMS, Minnesota Population Centre, big data, microdata, census

Audience: population survey researchers, marketers, social scientists, political scientists

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Database Training Resources: An Annotated Bibliography

Database Training Resources

1.     Coursera/Stanford “Introduction to Databases”

Introduction to Databases from Stanford University was one of the first Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) offered by Coursera in 2011, and has remained consistently popular. The course covers database design and the use of database management systems for applications. The course begins with the fundamental theory of database design, including the relational model and SQL. It moves on to cover contemporary issues in database management including JSON and NoSQL systems.  The course uses PostgreSQL, SQLite, and MySQL. The course is comprised of video lectures, assignments, and exams. Discussion forums and the possibility of local meet-ups support learning.

Keywords: MOOCs, Stanford, database, SQL, NoSQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite, and MySQL

Audience: beginner – intermediate database users

2.     Coursera/University of Washington “Introduction to Data Science”

This MOOC is called “Introduction to Data Science” but the first of its two major units is devoted to databases. This includes an introduction to MapReduce, and Hadoop, as well as an SQL programming assignment. The course is comprised of the same materials as “Introduction to Databases” above, and has the same support system. As with “Introduction to Databases”, the added benefit of completing “Introduction to Data Science”, over and above the learning, is the opportunity to earn a formal certificate of recognition of the knowledge acquired, which may be useful to those hoping to apply their knowledge of databases professionally.

Keywords: MOOC, University of Washington, video lectures, assignments, exams, peer-support

Audience: beginner-intermediate database users

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